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Over 2 million Kenyans face starvation as food crisis continues

August 29,2019

 

Johannesburg - More than 2.5 million Kenyans are facing starvation as drought and the food security situation in the country continues to deteriorate, says Kenya’s National Drought Management Authority (NDMA).

The agency issued the warning in its latest report saying the number of 2.6 million people facing food shortages had increased from the estimated 1.6 million people previously assessed to be at risk as at the end of May.

Those in need of relief assistance have more than doubled from 1.1 million in February 2019 with a warning that the figures could rise to above three million people by October with populations in the arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) areas either facing a food crisis or an emergency situation, the East African reported.

Turkana, Mandera, Baringo, Wajir, Garissa, Marsabit and Tana River states, whose residents are predominantly herders, are the most seriously affected.

Others affected states include Kitui, Makueni, Kilifi and Meru North, which are situated in the marginal agricultural and agro-pastoral regions.

“This means that households in these counties have moderate to large food consumption gaps and above usual acute malnutrition as a result of the prevailing drought or are only marginally able to meet minimum food needs by depleting essential assets or employing crisis and emergency coping strategies,” read the report.

NDMA said the number of households in dire need of food has been rising steadily since August 2018 with the situation worsening in July this year.

source:https://www.iol.co.za/news/africa/over-2-million-kenyans-face-starvation-as-food-crisis-continues-31468276

 

Floods in UK driven by climate breakdown

Floods are becoming more severe in parts of northern Britain due to climate change, a large-scale study has found.

Analysis from data collated at thousands of locations across Europe found flood events are becoming increasingly severe in the north-west - including the UK - but are decreasing in severity in the south and east of the continent.

The extent of climate change on the severity of flooding has been previously unclear due to a lack of data.

Rainfall

But the Vienna University of Technology claim their database is the most complete on European flooding so far, involving research institutions in 24 European countries including the University of Bath and University of Liverpool.

Researchers analysed records from 3,738 river flood measurement stations across Europe over five decades.

Northern England and southern Scotland have seen an increase in flooding of more than 11%, while the study observed a 23 percent decrease in Russia.

The UK has seen a pattern of severe flooding over the past 10 years which the Environment Agency says is linked to an increase in extreme weather events.

The study, published in the journal Nature, suggests that an increase in autumn and winter rainfall caused by climate change has led to increasing floods in the UK and north-western Europe.

Patterns

In southern Europe, flood levels are decreasing due to declining precipitation and water temperatures are causing an increase in evaporation of water in soil, the report claims.

Decreasing snow cover in eastern Europe, also caused by warmer temperatures, have also led to decreasing floods in the area, according to the authors.

They conclude that the data demonstrates the need to consider climate change impacts when designing flood management strategies.

Lead author Professor Gunter Bloschl said: "We already knew that climate change is shifting the timing of floods in a year, but the key question had been does climate change also control the magnitude of flood events?.

"Our study did in fact find there are consistent patterns of flood change across Europe and these are in line with predicted climate change impacts, such as a contrast between increasing severity of flooding in the north and decreases in the south."

Long-term

Sir James Bevan, chief executive of the Environment Agency, said: "Climate change means the threat of flooding and rate of coastal change will increase significantly.

"To prepare for this risk, as a nation we need to move from a strategy of protection and building higher flood defences to improving the resilience of our communities and our infrastructure, strengthening our ability to cope with flooding and coastal change when it does happen.

"Our new flood strategy sets out a long-term approach to tackling the effects of the climate emergency, as well as the actions we can take in the short term. This includes a record £2.6 billion investment we are making now to protect 300,000 homes from flooding and coastal erosion."

source:https://theecologist.org/2019/aug/29/floods-uk-driven-climate-breakdown

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